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卡泰宁主席在“一带一路”高峰论坛圆桌峰会上的讲话|European Commission Vice-President Jyrki Katainen speech at Belt and Road Forum Leaders' Round Table
作者:管理员    发布于:2017-05-18 14:48:48   

尊敬的主席先生,

        我很荣幸代表欧盟来到北京,与对加强互联互通饶有兴趣的各国一道,共同出席此次“一带一路”高峰论坛。

        自2014年3月习近平主席访欧以来,欧盟就与中国共同致力于此项工作。我们由此开始考虑如何将互联互通的整个概念延伸到亚洲。

        互联互通事关跨越边界。它和开放有关,也和开放带来的机遇有关。它能解决人民的顾虑。

        去年我们中的很多国家,以及其他的地方,都面临了越来越大的反对全球化浪潮的压力。但是,我们知道这个浪潮不会停滞。相反地,我们应该面对全球化浪潮带来的挑战,让它来提高我们的生活,并确保在这个浪潮中载浮载沉的大船上为我们的人民留有着足够的空间。

        上周,欧盟委员会公布了对于“驾驭全球化”的一些思考。这就明确了一点,我们是从基于规则的贸易和投资的角度来展望未来的。我们希望与伙伴们一起保证市场在互利的基础之上开放,并能确保获得可持续和包容的增长。

        通过对运输,能源和通讯网络等行业每年多达10万亿美元的投资,我们其实是在改写这个星球。亚洲有重要的基础设施需求,欧洲也有兴趣进行投资。

        中国地处“一带一路”的一端,欧洲地处另一端。如果方法得当,跨国链条上越来越多的投资会释放巨大的增长潜力使我们大家都从中受益。

        欧盟已经是亚洲国家最大的贸易和投资伙伴了。我们双方的经济繁荣都深深地互相依赖。

        我们欢迎习近平主席在日内瓦达和达沃斯的讲话,和他代表中国对自由贸易,多边主义和可持续发展所做出的承诺。

        我们比以往任何时候都需要共同努力,把这些原则付诸实践,来维护巩固繁荣和人民安全的,基于规则的国际多边体系。

        如果我们方法得当,21世纪的互联互通还可以让世界上较贫穷的地方从全球化的进程中得到公平的收获。同时,它也会带来经济的增长,这有助于从根源上解决移民问题。

        为了实现互联互通的这一承诺,任何连接欧洲和亚洲的计划都应遵循以下原则:

应该基于市场规则和国际标准作为公开倡议提出
应包括各种运输方式,数字化,能源和人文交流
应作为现有网络和政策的补充。对于欧盟而言,我们有十数年泛欧网络的经验,这一网络现在向东和向南延伸,扩大了我们的邻居。
欧洲和亚洲基础设施的设计不应该彼此孤立。我们需要建设一个真正连接的网络,而不是生拼硬凑。
基础设施网络构建必须具有操作兼容性。我们要做的是拆除,而不是制造新的壁垒。
计划和活动的透明是我们合作的基础,参与各方都应该在重要问题上有公平的话语权。应尽可能让诸如亚欧会议这样的多边框架发挥作用。
可持续性至关重要:项目必须具有经济上的可行性,且肩负财政和社会责任,并是气候和环境友好的。
我们必须运用国际多边银行的智慧,他们几十年的丰富经验能够成为像亚洲基础设施投资银行这样的年轻机构的宝贵伙伴。
最后,我们应该确保所有的利益攸关方都能从中真正受益。不仅是国家,商业运营者也应该有公平的机会,通过开放透明无歧视的采购程序来参与业务的竞争。公平的贸易和投资环境对于保持政治势头并支持亚洲更好的互联互通至关重要。
        欧盟为能与中国和其他伙伴共同致力于提升我们之间的互联互通而自豪。找到政策与项目之间的协同效应无疑会带来真正的实惠。中欧互联互通平台在这方面树立了一个榜样。

        在局势日益紧张地缘政治越来越不可预见的时代,我们有共同的义务携手向前朝着一个更具合作性更基于规则的全球秩序迈进,使人们为了自由和繁荣走向一起。

[Mr. President, your Excellencies.]

On behalf of the European Union it is a pleasure to be here in Beijing at the Belt and Road Forum, together with so many countries with an interest in enhancing connectivity.

The EU has been working with China on this issue since President Xi Jinping's visit in March 2014. We have begun to reflect on how we could extend the concept of connectivity to Asia as a whole.

Connectivity is about transcending borders. It is about openness, and the opportunity that brings. And addressing the concerns that people have.

The last year has seen rising pressure in many of our countries - and elsewhere - to reverse the tide of globalisation. But we know that tides cannot be stopped. We should focus instead on channelling globalisation into improving our lives – and making sure there is space in the boat for all our citizens.

Last week the European Commission published its own reflection paper on 'harnessing globalisation'. This made clear that we see the future in terms of rules-based trade and investment. We want to work with our partners to ensure we keep markets open on a reciprocal basis to ensure sustainable and inclusive growth.

Through investments of up to ten trillion dollars per year in transport, energy, and communications networks, we are essentially rewiring the planet. Asia has important infrastructure needs and it is in Europe's interest to contribute.

China is at one end of the 'Belt and Road' – Europe is at the other. Done the right way, more investment in cross-border links could unleash huge growth potential with benefits for us all.

The European Union is already one of the biggest trade and investment partners of all Asian countries. Our economic prosperity is deeply interdependent  - both ways.

We welcomed President Xi Jinping's speeches at Davos and Geneva, and his commitments on behalf of China to free trade, multilateralism and sustainable development.

More than ever, we must all work together to put these principles into practice, and to uphold the rules-based international system which underpins our the prosperity and security of all our citizens.

If we get it right, 21st century connectivity can also help the poorer parts of the world get a fairer share of the proceeds of globalisation. And it can bring the kind of economic development that helps to address the root causes of migration.

For connectivity to fulfil this promise, any scheme to connect Europe and Asia should adhere to the following principles.

It should be an open initiative based on market rules and international standards.
It should include all modes of transport, as well as digital and energy and people-to-people contacts.
It should complement existing networks and policies. In the EU's case, we have decades of experience with the Trans-European Networks, which are now being extended into our neighbourhood, East and South.
European and Asian infrastructure should not be designed in isolation. We need to build a true network and not a patchwork.
Infrastructure networks must be interoperable. We want to bring down barriers, not create new ones.
Transparency on our plans and activities must be the basis for our cooperation, and all partners should have a fair say about where the priorities lie. Multilateral frameworks like ASEM, should be used wherever possible.
Sustainability is essential: projects must be economically viable, fiscally and socially responsible, as well as climate and environment-friendly.
We must use the wisdom of the multilateral banks, whose decades of experience makes them an invaluable partner for new institutions such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
Finally, we should ensure that there are real benefits for all stakeholders. Not only for countries, but also for economic operators, who should have a fair chance to compete for business through open, transparent and non-discriminatory procurement procedures. A level-playing field for trade and investment is a critical condition if we want to maintain the political momentum and support for better connectivity between Europe and Asia.
The European Union is proud to work with China and other partners on improving connectivity between us.  Finding synergies between our policies and projects will bring real benefits. The EU-China connectivity platform exemplifies this approach.

In times of growing tensions and geopolitical unpredictability, we all bear a common responsibility to work together towards a more co-operative, rules-based global order that can bring our citizens together in peace and prosperity.

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