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第七轮中欧高级别战略对话(7th EU-China Strategic Dialogue)在北京举行
作者:管理员    发布于:2017-04-22 15:13:57   

      2017年4月19日,第七轮中欧高级别战略对话在北京举行。中国国务委员杨洁篪与欧盟外交与安全政策高级代表兼欧盟委员会副主席莫盖里尼共同主持。

  杨洁篪表示,中欧领导人就打造中欧和平、增长、改革、文明四大伙伴关系达成的战略共识极具现实和长远意义。中欧深化合作,事关双方共同利益,对国际政治经济关系发展也具有重要意义。

  杨洁篪指出,中方高度重视同欧盟关系,将一如既往坚定支持欧洲自主选择的一体化发展道路。双方应坚持战略定位,坚持开放合作,坚持增信释疑,妥善解决问题和分歧,共同推动中欧全面战略伙伴关系健康稳定发展,实现互利共赢。

  莫盖里尼表示,欧中关系积极、成熟,富有活力,是促进世界稳定和发展的重要因素。欧中加强合作,有利于增进双方利益,促进全球福祉,欧盟愿本着相互理解、相互尊重的原则,同中方加强战略沟通,推进全方位合作。

  欧方表示支持并积极参与中方举办的“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。双方表示将以建设性态度加紧准备,确保第十九次中国-欧盟领导人会晤取得成功。双方同意深化经贸投资、科技创新、人文等领域合作。

  关于《中国加入世界贸易组织议定书》第15条问题,欧方表示重视中方关切,将遵守世贸规则,已启动有关修法程序。中方表示重视欧方表态,希望欧盟尽快履行有关规定,发出维护自由开放的多边贸易体系的积极信号。

  双方同意在全球性议题上加强沟通协调,继续推动完善全球治理,引导全球化向包容、平衡、可持续方向发展。双方愿共同努力,推动二十国集团领导人汉堡峰会在去年杭州峰会基础上取得新进展。双方同意共同推动落实气候变化《巴黎协定》,推进落实2030年可持续发展议程,加强安全领域合作。

  双方就叙利亚、伊朗核、朝鲜半岛局势等国际和地区问题深入交换看法。杨洁篪阐述了中方致力于劝和促谈、缓和局势、推动政治解决有关问题的原则立场。莫盖里尼赞赏中方所作努力,表示欧方愿同中方加强沟通与协调。


欧盟外交和安全政策高级代表费代丽卡·莫盖里尼在第七次中欧战略对话后的声明|Remarks by the High Representative Mogherini following the 7th EU-China Strategic Dialogue

    4月19日,北京

    首先,国务委员杨洁篪先生,非常感谢您今天在北京对我的款待。这是自我担任欧盟外交和安全政策高级代表以来,我们共同主持的第三次中欧战略对话,亦是我在两年多时间里第三次访问北京。并且,如以往一样、甚至胜过以往,这是一次非常富有成果和积极的会议。

    就我个人而言,我特别高兴地说,我们建立了良好的工作关系,对此我要特别感谢国务委员,并且,昨天我也有幸拜会了李克强总理。 我们进行了非常顺畅和富有成果的交流,特别是关于即将在布鲁塞尔举行的中欧领导人会晤,以及我们在世界需要之时如何加强我们的合作。

    很显然,我们生活在一个冲突四起和地缘政治不确定性的时代,因此我们的合作从未像今天这般重要。 中国和欧盟都是全球重要力量:我们承担着共同的责任,以塑造一个更加协作的、以规则为基础的全球秩序。

    尤其是在我们这样一个三个小时,长时间的、富有成果的对话之后,我们讨论了很多不同的话题 — 我可以很确信地说,我们可以不负众望,共同发挥改善我们的世界和公民的作用,并且,我们的战略伙伴关系也确实到达了前所未有的成熟度。

    首先,我们在世界各地遇到的许多重大危机中,我们重视中国作为安理会常任理事国的角色,也是欧盟重要的安全与外交政策伙伴。我们共同努力,从解决欧洲或亚洲周边许多令人担心的危机开始,我们不仅可以为我们各自的公民带来变化,也可以为整个世界带来变化。

    首先看看欧盟的地区,我们的首要任务是结束在叙利亚的激烈战争。我们一起充分讨论了如何支持联合国主导的进程,以及同时努力改善人道主义进入该国的渠道。我们同意其过程必须是政治性的,所有各方必须参与,关于使用化学武器,我们需要明确的调查 - 禁止化学武器组织正在进行调查 – 只有当存在一个可信的政治过渡,我们将动员必要的资源来帮助叙利亚实现和解与重建,正如我们在4月初共同主持有关叙利亚及地区前途的布鲁塞尔会议期间,与联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯所一同确认的。

    正如国务委员所提及的,我们也详细讨论了朝鲜半岛日益紧张的局势,我们都支持去核化、缓解局势并重回对话的紧迫目标。正如国务委员所提到的,欧盟已经做好准备为帮助达成这些目标而努力。欧盟在朝鲜民主主义人民共和国违反有关联合国安理会决议的情况下,全面有力地执行了联合国安理会决议,我们同样致力于支持一个能够实现我们共同目标的政治进程。

    我们还同意加强合作以动员国际社会支持阿富汗所需启动的和平进程。顺便说一下,我会在本周晚些时候在德里和莫斯科特别讨论这个问题,同样还讨论别的问题。而且我们同意在朝鲜问题与朝鲜半岛的紧张局势加剧,以及叙利亚与阿富汗问题上,我们将在今后几个星期内密切配合。

    将视角稍稍往西,我感谢中国在充分实施《联合全面行动计划》(我们在伊朗核计划上达成的协议)方面所发挥的优异作用,我们一并重申我们对充分执行行动计划的坚定决心,并继续把该协议视为军备控制和核不扩散制度的重要支柱,我们将继续在我继续主持的联合委员会内共同努力,而中国是一个活跃的、有建设性及非常重要的成员。

    我们还讨论了我们在中东和平进程方面的立场,重申坚持联合国安理会决议下的框架。我们就利比亚危机交换了意见,我们决定加强合作,特别是在我们有很大合作潜力的非洲,包括三边合作。

    我们还讨论了如何加强在安全防卫领域的合作,为我们共同应对挑战,诸如维和行动、反海盗行动及反恐行动 - 另一个我们决定加强合作的领域 - 创造更多的机会。

    欧盟和中国拥有世界上最大的贸易和投资关系之一,我们的合作伙伴关系已超越双边关系,变得日益全球化。欧盟仔细听取了习近平主席一月份在达沃斯和日内瓦的讲话,以及他对自由贸易、多边主义和可持续发展的承诺。我们比以往任何时候更要共同努力,不仅要坚持,而且要促进以规则为基础的国际体系,巩固我们的繁荣和安全。

    在全球事务中,欧盟和中国参与了全球最成功的两个协议的达成。即在巴黎达成的关于气候变化的多边协议,以及在纽约达成的可持续发展议程。现在我们已进入实施阶段。中欧双方决定共同携手保证在国际舞台上就这两个协议以及其他涉及中欧共同利益的协议继续发挥重要作用。

    我提及了中欧双方认为应当紧密合作以保证世界秩序的全球事务中的两个领域,即《巴黎气候协定》实施以及就《联合国可持续发展议程》合作的必要性。让我再补充第三个方面,即支持世界贸易组织和抵制任何保护主义政策和态度。欧盟和中国将就此共同合作。

    将于今年6月在布鲁塞尔举行的中欧领导人会晤上,除了中欧双边关系层面的话题,还将探讨欧盟和中国之间在地区和全球事务中的合作。

    在昨天与李克强总理的会面以及今天的战略对话中,双方讨论了共同关心的重要积极议程。我们还将启动签证便利化和打击非正规移民对话,通过“中欧互连互通平台”加强基础设施联接,并在《全面投资协定》的谈判中取得进展。

    中国和欧盟认识到从结构改革的成功中获得了既得利益,我们需充分尊重内部程序和明确的利益。而成功的结构改革也将增加市场开放的可能性,这是我们各自经济的关键。

    欧盟和中国之间重要的战略关系是建立在伙伴关系、合作、对《联合国宪章》和国际法的原则充分尊重的重要基础之上的。我们有足够的智慧和经验,还有友谊,让我们用建设性和开放的态度来处理分歧。我向国务委员先生表达了欧盟对于中国人权的担忧。我们坚定地认为,坦诚和建设性的对话是解决所有问题最好的办法,正如好友之间的相互尊重。

    所以,让我用国务委员的评价来总结一下:我们的关系发挥了非常积极的作用;此次访问以及战略对话有一个非常积极的议程,为即将举行的中欧领导人会晤奠定了良好的基础。

    我相信,特别是在今天的会议之后,我们双方有一个很好的基础,不仅是为了评估去年取得的进展,而且最重要的是形成一个积极的议程,并将用建设性的态度,解决可能存在的分歧。

Beijing, 19 April

 

Check against delivery!

 

First of all, Mr. State Councillor [Yang Jiechi], thank you very much for hosting me in Beijing today. This is the third session of the EU-China Strategic Dialogue that we have co-chaired since I took office as the European Union High Representative and also my third visit to Beijing in just over two years. And it has been, as always but even more than always, a very productive, a very positive meeting.

I am also personally particularly pleased to say that we have established an excellent working relation, for which I would like to thank you particularly, and yesterday I also had the honour of meeting Premier Li Keqiang. We had a very good and productive exchange, notably on the upcoming EU-China Summit in Brussels and on how we can strengthen our cooperation in times when the world needs it.

We are living clearly in times of growing tensions and geopolitical unpredictability, so our cooperation has never been so important. China and the European Union are global powers: we have a joint responsibility to work together towards a more cooperative, rules-based global order.

And especially after such a long, good, productive Dialogue that we had - more than three hours together covering different issues -, I can definitely say that we can meet, together, these expectations of a joint EU-China role for improving the conditions of our world and our citizens, and that our Strategic Partnership has indeed reached an unprecedented level of maturity.

First of all, on the many dramatic crises we have open on the world scene, we value the role of China as a Permanent Member of the Security Council and a key security and foreign policy partner for the European Union. Working together, we can make a difference not only for our respective citizens but also for the entire world starting from the many crises that worry us around the European region or the Asian region.

Looking at the European Union's region – to start with -, our priority is to bring to an end the dramatic war in Syria. We discussed at length together ways to actively support the UN-led process while working to improve the humanitarian access into the country. We share the assessment that the process has to be political, that all parties have to engage, that on the use of chemical weapons we need a clear investigation – that the OPCW [Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons] is conducting – and that only once a credible political transition will be underway will we mobilise the necessary resources to help the Syrians on the reconciliation and the reconstruction, as we affirmed together during the Brussels conference we hosted on the future of Syria and the region at the beginning of April, also together with the UN Secretary General António Guterres.

We also discussed at length, as the State Councillor mentioned, the rising tensions on the Korean peninsula where we both support the urgent objectives of de-nuclearisation, de-escalation of tensions and a return to dialogue. And as Mr State Councillor mentioned, the European Union is ready to do its part to help on these objectives. The European Union fully and robustly implements the UN Security Council Resolutions when it comes to the violations of the DPRK [Democratic People's Republic of Korea] and we are equally committed to support a political process that can lead to these objectives we share.

We also agreed to work more together to mobilise international support for a peace process in Afghanistan that still needs to start. I will, by the way, discuss this issue in particular, but also others, in the coming days in Delhi and in Moscow later this week. And we decided that in particular on the work on the DPRK and the increased tensions in the Korean Peninsula, but also on Syria and Afghanistan we will keep close coordination in the weeks to come.

Moving a little bit to the West, I thanked China for the excellent role that it is playing on the full implementation of the JPCOA [Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action] - the agreement we reached together on the nuclear programme of Iran, and we reaffirmed together the strong determination to have all elements of the JPCOA fully implemented and continue to consider the agreement as a key pillar for arms control and the nuclear non-proliferation regime and we will continue to work together in this direction within the Joint Commission that I continue to chair, and in which China is an active, constructive and very valued member.

We also discussed our positions on the Middle East Peace Process, reaffirming that the framework for us stays the one set in the UN Security Council Resolutions. We exchanged views on the crisis in Libya and we decided to increase our cooperation, in particular in regard to Africa, where we have a lot of potential, including trilateral cooperation.

We also discussed how to increase our cooperation in the field of security and defence, including on creating further opportunities for us to work together on challenges related to peacekeeping and counter-piracy, but also on counter-terrorism - another area where we decided to increase our cooperation.

The European Union and China have one of the world's biggest trade and investment relationships and our partnership has an increasingly global dimension that goes beyond the bilateral one. The European Union listened very carefully to President Xi Jinping's speeches earlier this year in Davos and Geneva and to the commitments he made on behalf of China to free trade, multilateralism and sustainable development. More than ever, we must work together not only to uphold but to promote the rules-based international system which underpins our common prosperity and security.

At the global level, the European Union and China were behind two of the most successful agreements the world managed to achieve, meaning the multilateral agreements in Paris on climate change and on the Sustainable Development Goals in New York. Now we come to the implementation phase and we decided to work very closely together to ensure that both the European Union and China continue to play a key role on the global scene – especially on these two files – but also on others that are in our common interest.

I mentioned two fields of global issues where we see the need to work closely together to guarantee the world order is sustained: the need to implement the Paris climate change agreement; and the need to work on the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Let me add a third element: we both recognise the need to support the WTO [World Trade Organisation] and to avoid any protectionist policy or attitude. The European Union and China will work together in this direction.

All these elements of cooperation between the European Union and China on regional and global issues will be covered, among others, at the EU-China Summit that will take place in June in Brussels, together with important elements of the bilateral dimension of our relations.

We discussed today at length, and also yesterday with the Premier [Li Keqiang], the important positive agenda we share. We aim to launch talks on visa facilitation and tackling irregular migration, to strengthen infrastructure links via the EU-China Connectivity Platform, and make substantial progress on the negotiation of a Comprehensive Agreement on Investment.

China and the European Union recognise that we have a vested interest in the success of each other's structural reforms, with full respect of internal proceedings, but also with a clear stake we both have. This success of structural reforms will also increase the possibility of market openings which is key to our respective economies.

The relationship – the strategic, important relationship – between the European Union and China is based on strong elements: partnership, engagement, respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. We also have the wisdom and experience – and I would like to add, the friendship – that allows us to tackle our differences in a constructive and open manner. I conveyed to the State Councillor the European Union's concern about human rights in China. We firmly believe that frank and constructive dialogue is the best way to address all issues, as good friends who respect each other tend to do.

So, let me conclude by sharing the assessment that the State Councillor mentioned before: of an extremely positive state of play of our relationship; of an extremely positive agenda for this visit, for this strategic dialogue; and a good basis for the preparation of our upcoming summit.

I believe, especially after today's meeting, that we have an excellent basis not only to assess good progress made during the last year, but most of all to agree on a positive agenda and tackle differences that might remain, in a constructive manner.

        “Engagement, win-win solutions & global rules” key to global stability - Mogherini

"We all have the impression to live in times of global disorder, when instability seems to spread from one corner of the world to the other." said EU High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini in a speech "Europe and Asia - building a Cooperative Global Order" and discussion with students at Tsinghua University in Beijing. Federica Mogherini was speaking to students at the end of her visit to China referring to the 30 years of the Erasmus programme and the fact that "300 students and Professors have moved between China and Europe in the last two years alone."

During her speech, the Mogherini drew attention to how the conflict in Syria can "destabilise the whole world" and, "everyone understands that a crisis with North Korea would have global fallout."

She stressed the need for all of us, and particularly for global powers like the European Union and China, to engage: to engage constructively in world affairs, the need to look for win-win solutions, and the importance of rules, and of building a rules-based global order.

Isolation cannot solve any of the issues of our time, said Mogherini. "No crisis is far enough in a globalised world – a world of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles, where terrorist groups recruit across continents through the internet. There are no boundaries, there is no far-away place in the world of today."

She stressed the importance of the EU and China working together: "I believe both the European Union and China have a global responsibility of engagement to play. We, the European Union, are increasingly active as a global security provider. It is of great importance, for instance, for us to be an international witness to the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement in Myanmar, just like China is. It is a great honor that comes also with great responsibility. Even if it is a faraway place – because we know that this concerns also our security and the stability of the world. So we must both use, China and the European Union, our influence on all parties to stay engaged in the peace process, and to safeguard everyone’s human rights."

The High Representative then moved on to the importance of working together for a "win-win" situation internationally.

Mogherini told the students: "In his speech in Davos, President Xi also talked about the need for an international model based on win-win cooperation, at a moment when – I quote – “mankind has become a community of shared future.” This was also the original intuition – the dream – of our founding fathers and mothers of the European Union".

In this context Mogherini commended the role of China in reaching the deal with Iran and the importance of diplomacy. "I think especially, in these days and hours, about what we have achieved together when it comes to the nuclear program of Iran. If you think of what the international community, united - including the very positive and constructive role that China has been playing and continues to play on the implementation of the agreement - has managed to achieve: after decades a nuclear agreement that was not only achieved but also implemented and certified five times by the IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency] as fully implemented by all sides. It is something quite remarkable. We will continue as the European Union and I believe as China – especially after my talks in these days – to make sure that the deal is fully implemented and respected by all sides, because this is of crucial importance for the security of the world."

The High Representative emphasised that the cure to current disorder is a cooperative global governance based on rules. "There is a tendency today within our own societies, including in Europe sometimes, to see rules as a constraint more than a guarantee.", she said. "Rules are the framework within which a society can work. International rules and guarantees, in particular, are not a threat, but again an element of certainty for everyone."

She emphasised that: "In other cases, we need to expand and enlarge the current system of rules. For instance, on nuclear issues. The Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has provided us with the most effective monitoring system for nuclear tests in human history. And we have seen the added-value of it exactly when it comes to the recent developments in the Korean Peninsula."

She concluded by saying: "We are global powers with global responsibilities – responsibilities that I believe we can fulfil if we work together. I have to tell you that these two days of meetings here have been extremely reassuring for me in terms of seeing a common ground for further cooperation in this direction between the European Union and China."

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